Fazenda São Bernardino is a historical site located in Iguaçu Velho, within the municipality of Nova Iguaçu, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The remnants of the old property include the ruins of its headquarters, which were constructed in the 19th century. These ruins provide a glimpse into the past and the rich history of the region.
The establishment of Fazenda São Bernardino was the result of the merger of several farms in the region of Vila de Iguaçu, now known as Nova Iguaçu. These farms were acquired by Bernardino José de Sousa e Melo, including the lands of the firm Soares & Melo and the Bananal site, in the years 1861 and 1862. This historical context adds to the cultural significance of the site.
In its operational days, Fazenda São Bernardino was served by the now extinct Rio D’Ouro Railway, which had a stop right in front of it. The farm was a hub of activity, producing coffee, sugar, brandy, and cassava flour. It also played a role in the timber industry, extracting wood and exporting charcoal. This diverse range of activities highlights the farm's historical economic importance.
Estr. Federal de Tinguá, 2023 - Barao de Guandu, Nova Iguaçu
No exhibitions in Fazenda São Bernardino have been found.